How robots can help speed up rehabilitation after a stroke

How robots can help speed up rehabilitation after a stroke

In the United States alone, about 795,000 people suffers from strokes Each year, leading to varying degrees of paralysis. Rehabilitation after stroke has come a long way in recent decades, and one area of ​​focus is robot-assisted rehabilitation for both the upper and lower body.

This is partly a medical and economic issue. as such Physiopedia explains, It is used to supplement or facilitate rehabilitation through the assistance of repetitive, labor-intensive manual therapy usually administered by therapists. This reduces the time required by therapists because robotic devices can help move a patient’s limbs during exercise, thus increasing the amount of treatment per patient and increasing the number of patients being treated simultaneously.”

Here is a demonstration of a robotic walking trainer for lower body damage:

According to the International Federation of Robotics (IFR), Android devices feature More than just therapist-guided rehabilitation exercises is that the robot ensures that the movement is repeated in exactly the same way every time, training the brain to enable the muscles to make the movements on their own. Repetitions per session are also generally higher with robot-assisted rehabilitation. Robots collect data on patient performance, enabling therapists and clinicians to accurately assess progress.” The research appears to be value support from this approach.

Similarly, with upper body rehabilitation, the efforts of the robot are diminished in response to the efforts of the patient gain strength: “If a patient is only able to perform 1% of the movement, the robot will do 99%, and then the patient will advance, and the robot will help less and less,” said Dr. Eric Dusseau, CEO and Director of BIONIK, in an interview with Robotics business review. “The robot can be put into resistance mode, amplifying the deflection so the patient is getting better and better. It really does adapt to the patient’s needs.” (robotics business review, February 22, 2019)

It’s not always a big machine. Soft robotic glove can help stroke survivors with weak hand Do stretching exercises at home.

paper 2022 have found,

Given data from previous studies and patients’ needs in gait and balance control, we hypothesized that robot-assisted balance therapy associated with physical therapy may be more effective than usual therapy performed by a physical therapist in terms of improving static and dynamic balance, walking, fatigue and cognitive performance… Automated evaluation to determine the most appropriate individualized rehabilitation therapy may allow for reduced disability and improved quality of life in vulnerable populations.

Giovannini, S, Iacovelli, C., Brau, F et al. Robot-assisted rehabilitation for balance and gait in stroke patients (ROAR-S): study protocol for an initial randomized controlled trial. Trials 23, 872 (2022). The paper It is open access.

Robots take advantage of the power of the device to perform the many tasks that require rote memorization without fatigue to succeed, along with the care, monitoring and encouragement of the therapist.

Notice how the video below emphasizes the importance of Think In control of work. Essentially, the rehabilitation staff attempts to put the patient’s thoughts and intentions back into the driver’s seat:


You may also like to read: Bionic hands? not an improvement On mechanical hooks! , says the user. For now, says a woman who was born without a left hand, electronic prosthetics don’t work like mechanical extensions. The bioelectronics researcher pits electronics against – not only living nature – but also the inanimate nature that living nature chooses. Can electronics compete?


#robots #speed #rehabilitation #stroke

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