Bats face challenges such as climate change and habitat loss that are endangering the species. Here’s how building a bat house can save bats, and how easy it is to build one.

How to build a bat house and habitat in your backyard

Bats face challenges such as climate change and habitat loss that put the species at risk.  Here's how building a bat house can save bats, and how easy it is to build one.

Bats face challenges such as climate change and habitat loss that put the species at risk. Here’s how building a bat house can save bats, and how easy it is to build one.

Getty Images/iStockphoto

Washington state is home to fifteen species of bats, But according to Washington Department of Fish and WildlifeHowever, this species faces serious threats to its habitat and safety that kill large populations.

Habitat loss, windmill turbines, white-nose syndrome and climate change are all having an impact It caused the death of large quantities of batsAccording to the National Park Service.

Although some Washingtonians may not like these creatures, bats provide benefits that can make building a bat house, a man-made bat habitat near your home, something to consider.

According to the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, bats are very beneficial to people because they are predators of insects such as mosquitoes, flies, termites, moths, and beetles. Although birds also prey on insects, it is at night that bats take over the insects.

Some types of bats also eat spiders, scorpions, crickets, grasshoppers, and other insects on the ground or in trees.

But before you start building your bat habitat, it’s also important to know the do’s and don’ts when you find a bat, as some bats carry diseases like rabies.

Bat houses provide a safe place for bats to go other than your home. “Bats living in human spaces increase the potential for bat infection and the potential for human exposure to rabies. Bat houses reduce the risk of human contact, and provide a safe, warm space for bats only,” writes Kara D. McClanahan, supervisor of educational support in Washington State University’s College of Biological Sciences in An email to McClatchy.

According to the Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, if you find a bat, you should follow these steps:

Don’t touch the bat and leave it where it is.

If you must move the bat or remove it from its perch, use thick gloves, a shovel, or a box to move the bat safely.

If you find a sick, injured or dead bat, Report them online for fish and wildlife.

If you touch a bat or have any exposure, contact your local health department immediately.

Why should I build a bat house?

When winter weather sets in, the bats need to find a site to hibernate, or hibernate, according to the department.

“Insectivorous bats are voracious eaters, and like to eat many types of insects that are annoying or harmful to humans. Mosquitoes, moths, and flies are among their favourites, and they are also among the species that humans tend to consider pests. Bat houses allow bats to remove these pests around your home,” McClanahan writes. and your garden, reducing the need to use pesticides.

Building a bat house is not only a way to provide a safe habitat and nursery for the creatures, but it also can create an opportunity to observe bats and educate others about the species and their needs, blog post From the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.

They also provide bat houses White nose syndrome free home cleaning Where bats can raise their young and have less contact with humans, according to the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife for the Commonwealth of Massachusetts.

How to build a bat house

The National Wildlife FederationA conservation organization, encourages those who want to build a bat house to choose a site that receives plenty of sunlight, is at least 15 feet above the ground and has a nearby water source for the bats to drink.

Bat houses are mounted on high poles to provide sunlight for the bats and protect them from predators on the ground. David Johnson Getty Images/iStockphoto

The NWF website goes through a Eight steps to building a bat houseincluding cutting wood, staining the inside of a bat house to create a dark habitat for them, assembling each side of the house and installing a bat house in your house or other elevated location.

NWF encourages use of bat house building plan from Bat Conservation International, Bat Conservation Organization, which requires these supplies:

2 feet by 4 feet of plywood that has not been pressure treated.

20 to 30 Phillips head screws, 1″ outside grade.

A pint of outdoor grade water-based dark stain.

A pint of an external water based primer.

1 quart of water-based flat exterior paint or stain.

One tube of paintable latex.

1″ x 3″ x 28″ board for ceiling.

Those building a bat house will also need the following tools, according to the federation:

caulking gun;

paint brushes

Phillips head bits for drilling.

Measuring tape or scale.

Variable speed reverse drilling.

Alise Mesmer-Smith is service press reporter for the Bellingham Herald. If you like stories like this, please consider supporting our work by subscribing to our newspaper.

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