Reimagining the Operating Room of the Future with Robotics

Reimagining the operating room of the future with robotics

Reimagining the operating room of the future with robotics
Dr. Mona Flores, Global Head of Medical Artificial Intelligence, NVIDIA

Make way for the age of software defined healthcare.

Amid a growing shortage of doctors and nurses, hospitals around the world are increasingly turning to artificial intelligence to improve the quality of care in the face of an aging population. A major undertaking in the healthcare industry is to deliver AI-powered solutions that can improve surgical care – a challenging task.

according to Journal of the American College of SurgeonsIn the United States alone, individuals can expect to undergo, on average, seven surgeries over the course of their lives.

Robotics, used here as an umbrella term for computational solutions and artificial intelligence, can speed up surgery, reduce complications, and reduce 30-day mortality among other benefits. This not only translates into hospital savings, but is invaluable in terms of improving the health of our patients.

Allowing robots to take on the burden

Robotic platforms reduce physicians’ workloads in ways that are not always visible to patients but are appreciated by providers.

When surgery is underway, care teams outside the operating room must be aware of the progress of the procedure to prepare to receive the patient in the immediate postoperative period.

Robotic platforms can help detect the stages of surgery as it progresses, including approximately when the surgery ends. This allows for automatic notification of the postoperative team to prepare for the next patient.

With an ever-present shortage of health care workers, simplifying even the smallest of tasks means doctors and nurses have more time to do more meaningful work caring for patients.

Teaching and training technology

Doctors are always learning, and robots can help with that, too.

The robotics platforms can automatically name different sections of the surgical video for future viewing and review. In this way, the automated platform can act as a teacher, using artificial intelligence to highlight specific sections of the recording for use in teaching surgery trainees. But it does not stop here.

Robotic platforms will soon create digital twins of surgical procedures, and build simulation platforms for surgical trainees that allow them to “rehearse” different scenarios in surgery. This provides a safe way to learn how to operate before patients are put under the knife.

The power of digital twins, hospitals, operating rooms, people and health can be simulated to deliver improved personalized healthcare.

Prioritize accuracy and precision

Precision and accuracy are fundamental in surgery.

For hip replacement surgery, careful and precise placement of the incisions is key to preventing complications and prolonging recovery times. Companies like Caliber Laboratories They take advantage of a robotics platform to provide clinicians with the tools to identify, measure, and define parameters needed to perform minimally invasive orthopedic procedures.

Surgical Activeis a digital surgical imaging startup, and is another company that offers robotic solutions. They use computer vision and artificial intelligence to visualize blood flow in a specific area of ​​interest during laparoscopic surgeries. This helps clinicians assess the viability of the organ or tissue involved, helping them make informed decisions when performing specific surgical interventions and improving the chances of success.

With tools that increase precision and accuracy, surgery becomes more of a science than an art and leaves surgeons feeling more empowered in the decisions they make during the procedure.

Virtual scrubs to improve access to surgery

The practice of surgery continues to evolve, taking advantage of new technology to improve patient outcomes.

The robotic platforms and artificial intelligence software they power enable a new way to perform surgery.

While traditional surgery requires an experienced surgeon in the operating room to perform the procedure, robotic platforms have made possible procedures that can be performed with the help of surgeons outside of the operating room, perhaps on an entirely different continent.

This means that a patient undergoing surgery in India can benefit from the surgical expertise of a specialist in places as far away as the United States.

with companies like ProximeNow, surgeons can perform a “virtual scrub,” which involves a remote surgeon actually testing the procedure live, using augmented reality, machine learning and artificial intelligence tools, to assist the surgeon in the room with the patient.

This way, surgeons can request guidance from more experienced surgeons from remote sites during surgery, ensuring better results. As such, robots can eliminate physical limitations, providing advanced expert insights to any surgery worldwide.

With an ever-widening gap between the demand and supply of quality care in the healthcare industry, robotic platforms are needed more than ever, and software-defined surgery platforms can help in many ways.

In the future, every hospital will be a smart hospital, using real-time sensors and cutting-edge AI computing to help healthcare professionals deliver more accurate and efficient care. The power of surgical robots will improve access to care, make surgery more accurate and precise, automate smaller healthcare tasks and educate and train professionals.


About Mona G Flores, MD

Dr. Mona G Flores is the Global Head of Medical Artificial Intelligence at nvidiaIt oversees artificial intelligence initiatives in medicine and healthcare to bridge the gap between those industries and technology. NVIDIA will be hosting the upcoming GTC Virtual Developer Conference from September 19-22. Registration is free and is now available at www.nvidia.com/gtc.

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